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Buddhist Vihars of Kathmandu

Buddhist Vihars of Kathmandu

Buddhist Vihars of Kathmandu is some of the most see places when you visit Kathmandu. We have listed Buddhist Vihars of Kathmandu in our blog section as below which was done deep research into locals and some published books. Kathmandu is also known as one of the religious places in Nepal where the local Newari people worship Hindu god as well as Buddha.

1. Mu Baha (Mulsri Mahavibar) 2. Kwa Baha (Maitripur Mahavihar) 3. Nhu Baha (Ratnakanta Mahavihar) 4. Gana Baha (Hemakarna Mahavibar) 5. Dhoka Baha (Henakara Mahavihar) 6, Makhan Baha (Ratnakirti Mahavihar) 7. Takshya Baha (Suratasri Mabavihar) 8. Jana Baba (Kanaka Chaitya Mahavihar) 9. Subala Baha (Mantra Siddhi Mahavihar) 10. Tej Baha (Raj Kirti Mahavibar) 11. Om Baha (Brahma Chakra Mahavihar) 12. Etu Baha (Bajra Shree Mahavihar) 13. Lagan Baha (Kirtipunya Bajra Dhatu Mahavihar) 14. Mikha Baha (Mani Sankha Mahavihar) 15. Shikam Muga Baha (Shreekhanda Mula Mahavibar) 16. Mushum Baha (Mani Sangha Mahavihar) 17. Itum Baha (Bhaskar Malla Parbtayebarta Mahavihar) 18. Mansu Baha (Mani Shree Mahavihar) 19. Tha Baha-Thabahil or Thamel (Vikramasila Mahavihar)

Buddhist Vihars, popularly called Baha or Bahi still exist in large numbers in the Kathmandu valley. They serve as places for celebrating rituals os observing the socio-religious festivities of Buddhism. The central features of a Vihar is a square courtyard open to the sky surrounded by the shrine and the living quarters of the Bhikshus and the Bajracharyas Buddhist priests. The shrine is always placed opposite the entrance gateway.

Though the Kings of Nepal were Hindus, the Lichhavi rules were liberal patrons of Buddhism. Many of them built Vihars (monasteries). For example, Singhu Vibar at Swayambhu hillock was built by Brisadeva, Sri Man Vihar was constructed by Manadeva, Khasti Chaitya by Shivadeva, and Raj Vihar by Amsuvarma. Thus it is clear that from the time of Lichbavis Nepal had followed a policy of religious toleration. King Padma Deva built a temple of Dharmaraj, Minnath-Lokeshwar in which he placed an image of Padmapani Buddhstwa.

Related Article: Buddhist Monasteries of Solukhumbu

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